Campylobacter infections are generally acquired by eating raw or undercooked meat (especially poultry), unpasteurized dairy products, or other contaminated food or water. They may also be picked up by coming into contact with infected animals. Symptoms usually appear within two to five days after exposure, lasting up to a week. Having a raised level of Campylobacter in a sample is generally only of significance if there is also the presence of the “classic” symptoms of campylobacteriosis (infection by Campylobacter) which include diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. The diarrhea may be bloody and can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Campylobacter (pronounced “cam-pillow-BACK-ter”) is a genus—or group—of spiral-shaped bacteria containing more than 30 different species. Many of these species, although not all, can cause sickness in humans, in the form of diarrhea. In fact, certain Campylobacter species are the leading cause of bacterial foodborne diarrhea worldwide.
Most people who become infected with Campylobacter bacteria recover without needing any special treatment beyond replacing fluids and electrolytes. A doctor may prescribe antibiotics, but this is usually only required in severe cases.
1. Silva, J., Leite, D., Fernandes, M., Mena, C., Gibbs, P. A., & Teixeira, P. (2011). Campylobacter spp . as a foodborne pathogen : a review. Frontiers in Microbiology, 2, article 200.
2. Campylobacter review on the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/campylobacter
Welcome to uBiome!
We are the world’s first effort to map the human microbiome with citizen science. Our sequencing service provides information and tools for you to explore the populations of bacteria that live on and inside your body.
What We Do
Based on research from the NIH Human Microbiome Project, we've perfected the technology to perform large-scale microbiome studies. The knowledge we'll gain may (one day) empower people to live healthier and accelerate our understanding of the world around us. For the individual, we leverage this technology to help you better understand your own microbiome. Here's what you can learn:
DISCOVER WHAT’S LIVING INSIDE YOU
An estimated 500 - 1,000 species of bacteria live in the human gut. Get the breakdown of what yours are down to the genus level.
HOW IS YOUR GUT FUNCTIONING?
How well does your gut metabolize caffeine? How about carbohydrates? Our NEW functionality tab lets you compare 109 different functions of your gut, and how they stack up against others.
SNAPSHOT IN TIME
If you’re thinking of trying something new – a new diet, probiotics, or anything else – get a “before” picture of your microbiome to compare with your “after”, and see what has changed.
COMPARE YOUR MICROBIOME
Find out how you're different. Is your microbiome more like a vegan's or a heavy drinker's? Are your bacteria more or less diverse than other people of your gender? See how you measure up.
BE A CITIZEN SCIENTIST
We give you the data, what will you do with it? Team up with uBiome to research the microbiome, and discover something new.
Every day, we are learning more about the human microbiome, and we hope to have many discoveries to share as we go. It’s a vast new frontier of scientific research. Thank you for being part of it with us!
What Happens Next
After ordering, we will send your kit straight to you! Collect your samples with a quick swab
of the site (or sites), and mail it back to us in the provided prepaid envelope.
Your samples will travel to our office in San Francisco, where theyíll be run through our state-of-the-art DNA sequencing lab. Expect to get your results back 4-6 weeks after we receive your sample.
You will then receive access to a personal dashboard (app.ubiome.com) which breaks down the types and functions of bacteria found in your sample.
Here is where you can see your diversity score as well as learn, explore, and compare everything related to your bacteria.